This chapter focuses on the owners and tenants of urban property. It analyses the gendered characteristics of the property market as well as the changing value of property prices and rents and their variation between neighbourhoods and over time. It examines the role that property played in the creation of families through sustaining matrimonial alliances as much as patrilineal dynastic descent. It argues that throughout the period when rented properties are recorded (primarily after 1300) female-headed households were a significant and constant feature of the urban property market in York. The only significant change after 1360 was a decline in the average amounts of rent they paid compared to male-headed households. Thus many of the social characteristics relating to female independence that have been claimed as resulting from the impact of plague need to be reassessed.
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