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YorkThe Making of a City 1068-1350$
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Sarah Rees Jones

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198201946

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201946.001.0001

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Church Landlords

Church Landlords

(p.138) 5 Church Landlords

Sarah Rees Jones

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the continuing influence of the archbishops of York and York Minster in York, 1100–1350. There was a significant redistribution of the estates of the archbishop after 1100 and the estate of York Minster grew. Many of Yorkshires new monastic foundations (particular St Mary’s Abbey and St Leonard’s Hospital) also acquired estates in York. Changes in the administration of these estates to be analysed. Most landlords moved over the period to the closer management of properties that lay closest to their institutional residence, abandoning those that lay further afield. This resulted in significant changes in the social and economic structure of the property market. These changes were associated with a gradual reduction in the jurisdiction of some church courts over their tenants. Although the more significant reduction occurred after 1350, the beginnings of that change were evident a century earlier as civic courts began to replace some of the functions of private courts.

Keywords:   Archbishop of York, St Mary’s Abbey, St Leonard’s Hospital, York Minster, urban estates, freehold tenure, leasehold tenure, rents, urban jurisdictions

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