Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
YorkThe Making of a City 1068-1350$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Sarah Rees Jones

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198201946

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201946.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 26 March 2019

The King, the Barons, and the Shire

The King, the Barons, and the Shire

(p.84) 4 The King, the Barons, and the Shire

Sarah Rees Jones

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the relationship between the city and royal government. Prior to the Norman Conquest the kings of England never visited York and did not maintain a royal household there. The first three Norman kings attempted to rebuild the city as a royal capital in the north and the impact of Norman colonization has been underestimated by previous historians. The chapter shows that many features of the later medieval city were the result of re-planning under the Normans, who built a royal palace, endowed new monasteries and hospitals and turned the surrounding countryside into royal forest. This royal presence was not to last. The chapter traces its disintegration and the replacement of royal institutions of personal government by both national and civic systems of bureaucratic administration. The chapter also traces the resettlement of French knights in York as part of a process of Norman colonization through which northern barons controlled the county city. It then analyses changes in the patterns of aristocratic residence in the city through the next two hundred years, culminating in a new influx of royal administrators as York temporarily became a capital base for the Edward I and Edward II in their wars against Scotland between 1298 and 1336.

Keywords:   King, sheriffs, barons, Norman Conquest, forest, Scottish Wars, royal palace

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .