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Troop Morale and Popular Culture in the British and Dominion Armies 1914–1918$

J. G. Fuller

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198201786

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201786.001.0001

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(p.186) Appendix B: Concert Parties and Cinemas

(p.186) Appendix B: Concert Parties and Cinemas

Source:
Troop Morale and Popular Culture in the British and Dominion Armies 1914–1918
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Divisions listed are the total number (excluding Indian) of British Empire Infantry Divisions which served in the major war theatres (France/Belgium, Italy, Salonika, Gallipoli, Egypt/Palestine, Mesopotamia). The lists of concert parties and cinemas are not necessarily complete, but represent only those that are known.

I. Divisional

Divisions

Date of arrival (or of formation if Formed overseas)

Divisions concert party

Date formed

Divisional cinema

Regular

1

Aug. 1914

*

2

Aug. 1914

*

3

Aug. 1914

*

4

Aug. 1914

*

Dec. 1914

*

5

Aug. 1914

*

autumn 1915

*

6

Sept. 1914

*

Feb. 1915

*

7

Oct. 1914

*

8

Nov. 1914

*

Nov. 1915

*

27

Dec. 1914

28

Jan. 1915

29

Mar. 1915

*

May 1917

New Army

9 (Scottish)

May 1915

*

*

10 (Irish)

July 1915

11 (Northern)

July 1915

12 (Eastern)

May 1915

*

summer 1916

*

13 (Western)

July 1915

14 (Light)

May 1915

15 (Scottish)

July 1915

*

16 (Irish)

Dec. 1915

*

*

17 (Northern)

July 1915

*

autumn 1916

*

18 (Eastern)

July 1915

19 (Western)

July 1915

*

Dec. 1915

*

20 (Light)

July 1915

*

autumn 1916

21

Sept. 1915

*

22

Sept. 1915

23

Aug. 1915

*

*

24

Aug. 1915

*

25

Sept. 1915

*

26

Sept. 1915

*

30

Nov. 1915

*

31

Dec. 1915

*

32

Nov. 1915

*

33

Nov. 1915

*

34

Jan. 1916

*

Mar. 1916

*

35 (Bantam)

Jan. 1916

*

36 (Ulster)

Oct. 1916

*

Jan. 1916

*

37

July 1915

*

38 (Welsh)

Jan. 1916

*

39

Mar 1916

*

40 (Bantam)

June 1916

*

*

41

May 1916

*

First-line Territorial

42 (E. Lanes.)

Sept. 1914

*

Summer 1917

46 (N. Midland)

Feb. 1915

*

Dec. 1916

*

47 (London)

Mar. 1915

*

Feb. 1916

48 (S. Midland)

Mar. 1915

*

Jan. 1916

*

49 (W. Riding)

April 1915

*

spring 1916

50 (Northumbrian)

April 1915

*

51 (Highland)

April 1915

*

Early 1916

*

52 (Lowland)

June 1915

*

late 1917

53 (Welsh)

Aug. 1915

*

summer 1917

54 (Wessex)

Aug. 1915

55 (W. Lanes.)

Jan. 1916

*

56 (London)

Feb.1916

*

May 1916

*

Second-line Territorial

57 (W. Lanes.)

Feb.1917

*

58 (London)

Jan. 1917

*

Dec. 1916

*

59 (N. Midland)

Feb.1917

*

Dec. 1916

60 (London)

June 1916

*

spring 1916

61 (S. Midland)

May 1916

*

*

62 (W. Riding)

Jan. 1917

*

66 (E. Lanes.)

Feb. 1917

*

Other British

Guards

Aug. 1915

*

63 (Royal Naval)

Mar. 1915

*

74 (Yeomanry)

Mar. 1917

*

75

Mar. 1917

Australian

1

Mar. 1915

*

2

Aug. 1915

*

3

July 1916

*

Dec. 1916

*

4

Feb. 1916

*

*

5

Feb.1916

*

Sept. 1916

*

New Zealand

1

Jan. 1915

*

*

Canadian

1

Feb. 1915

2

Sept. 1915

*

3

Dec. 1915

*

Dec. 1917

4

Aug. 1916

*

Dec. 1916

Totals

74

59

28

At least 80 per cent of the divisions which served in the active war theatre therefore employed a divisional concert party. Breaking down the total of seventy-four divisions into those which served a year or more in France (sixty-four) and those which did not (ten), the percentages are 87 per cent and 50 per cent respectively.

Sources

For dates of arrival see Statistics of the Military Effort, opp. p. 28. The date for the New Zealand Division is that of the formation of the joint New Zealand/Australian Division, from which the New Zealand Division subsequently evolved. For concert parties and cinemas:

1st Division: J. Smythe, In This Sign Conquer (1968), 195.

2nd: E. Wyrall, History of the 2nd Division 1914–1918, i (1921), 197.

3rd: Dolden, Cannon Fodder, p. 122.

4th: War Diary of the 4th Division, WO 95/1449, 30 Dec. 1914 and Routine Orders 12 Jan. 1915.

5th: D. S. Inman and A. H. Hussey, The 5th Division in the Great War (1921), 96; Fairclough, 1st Birmingham Bn., p. 51.

6th: War Diary of the 6th Division, WO 95/1585, bundle marked ‘Miscellaneous’, ‘Issued With Routine Orders dated 12 Feb. 1915’ and Routine Order No. 170 8 Sept. 1915.

7th: G. H. Greenwell, An Infant in Arms (1972), 184.

8th: Boraston and Bax, The 8th Division in War, p. 60.

29th: Gillon, Story of the 29th Division, p. 102.

9th: Ewing, History of the 9th Division, pp. 75, 416.

12th: Scott and Brumwell, History of the 12th Division, pp. 29, 257–8.

15th: Feilding, War Letters, pp. 223, 301.

17th: A. H. Atteridge, History of the 17th Division (Glasgow, 1929), 165; Nicholson, Behind the Lines, p. 257.

19th: Wyrall, History of the 19th Division, pp. 23–4.

20th: Inglefield, History of the 20th Division, pp. 110–11.

21st: Middlebrook, Kaiser's Battle, pp. 154–5.

23rd: Sandilands, The 23rd Division, pp. 228–9; Gladden, Across the Piave, p. 33.

24th: Dolden, Cannon Fodder, p. 157.

25th: M. Kincaid-Smith, The 25th Division in France and Flanders (1920), 42.

26th: H. C. Day, Macedonian Memories (1930), 150.

30th: Anon., 16th: 17th: 18th: 19th Bns. The Manchester Regt. (First City Brigade): A Record 1914–1918 (Manchester, 1923), 133.

31st: Anon., History of the 10th Bn. E. Yorks Regt., p. 173.

32nd: C. H. Cooke, Historical Records of the 16th (Service) Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers (Newcastle, 1923), 77.

33rd: Richards, Old Soldiers, p. 280.

34th: J. Shakespear, The 34th Division (1921), 305–7; Mack, Letters from France, p. 24.

35th: C. H. Cooke, Historical Records of the 19th (Service) Bn. Northumberland Fusiliers (Newcastle, 1920), 50.

36th: Falls, History of the 36th Division, pp. 135–7; H. Samuels, With the Ulster Division in France (Belfast, 1921), 35–7.

37th: Weetman, The Sherwood Foresters, p. 145.

38th: Richards, Old Soldiers, p. 280.

39th: Blunden, Undertones of War, p. 157.

40th: F. E. Whitton, History of the 40th Division (Aldershot, 1926), 171.

41st: Aston and Duggan, History of the 12th Bn., pp. 64–6.

42nd: Gibbon, The 42nd Division, p. 95.

46th: T. E. Sandall, A History of the 5th Bn. the Lincolnshire Regt. (Oxford, 1922), 98; Weetman, The Sherwood Foresters, p. 162.

47th: Maude, The 47th Division, pp. 223–4.

48th: The 5th Glo'ster Gazette, 9 (Feb. 1916), 9; P. L. Wright, The 1st Buckinghamshire Bn. 1914–1919 (1920), 101.

49th: Bales, History of the 1/4th Bn., p. 66.

50th: A. L. Raimes, The 5th Bn. The Durham Light Infantry 1914–1918 (1930), 35.

51st: Nicholson, Behind the Lines, p. 251; Bewsher, History of the 51st Division, p. 269.

52nd: Thompson, The 52nd Division, pp. 353, 504.

53rd: C. H. D. Ward, History of the 53rd (Welsh) Division 1914–1918 (Cardiff, 1927), 118.

55th J. Shakespear, A Record of the 17th and 32nd Bns. Northumberland Fusiliers (NER) Pioneers (Newcastle, 1926), 61.

56th: C. H. D. Ward, The 56th Division (1921), 140; Bailey and Hollier, The Kensingtons, p. 145.

57th: Wurtzburg, History of the 2/6th Bn., p. 55.

58th: Grimwade, War History of the 4th Bn., p. 236; Grey, 2nd City of London Regt., p. 277.

59th: Hall, The Green Triangle, p. 46.

60th: P. H. Dalbiac, History of the 60th Division (1927), 38.

61st: E. C. Matthews, With the Cornwall Territorials on the Western Front (Cambridge, 1921), 32; Gauld, Truth from the Trenches, p. 175.

62nd: E. Wyrall, History of the 62nd (W. Riding) Division 1914–1919 (1925), 1. 169.

66th: Bales, History of the 1/4th Bn., p. 156.

Guards: C. Headlam, History of the Guards Division in the Great War 1915–1918 (1924), 1. 101–2.

63rd: The Mudhook, 1 (Sept. 1917), 11.

74th: Hill, Chauvel of the Light-Horse, p. 114.

1st-5th Australian: Aussie, 4 (Apr. 1918), 5; 5 (June 1918), 12; 9 (Dec. 1918), 20; Cuttriss, Over the Top, pp. 112–13; A. D. Ellis, The Story of the 5th Australian Division (1920), 121.

New Zealand: Stewart, New Zealand Division, p. 142.

1st–4th Canadian: Wood, With the 5th Glo'sters, p. 100; Hodder-Williams, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, 1. 282–3; Russenholt, Six Thousand Canadian Men, pp. 103–4.

(p.187) (p.188) (p.189) (p.190)

(p.191) II. Brigade Concert Parties

Brigade

Date of concert party formation

Front on which formed

Regular

87 Brigade

New Army

89

France

92

Sept. 1916

France

122

Late 1916

France

First-line Territorial

139

mid 1918

France

145

147

Jan. 1918

France

Second-line Territorial

179

Mar. 1917

Salonika

181

Australian

7

8

9

10

Sources

87th Bgd.: Gillon, Story of the 29th Division, p. 102.

89th: Grey, 2nd City of London Regt., p. 171.

92nd: Anon., History of the 10th Bn. E. Yorks. Regt., p. 73.

122nd: Russell, History of the 11th Bn., p. 176.

139th: Carrington, War Record of the 1/5th Bn., p. 17.

145th: Wood, With the 5th Glo'sters, p. 93.

147th: Bales, History of the 1/4th Bn., p. 185.

179th: Bailey and Hollier, The Kensingtons, p. 271.

181st: Anon., War Record of the 21st London Regt. (First Surrey Rifles) 1914–1919 (1927), 217.

7th, 8th, 9th Australian: Cutlack (ed.), War Letters, p. 125.

10th Australian: F. C. Green, The Fortieth (Hobart, 1922), p. 144.

(p.192) III. Battalion Concert Parties

Battalion

Date of concert party formation

Front on which formed

Regular

1st Coldstream Guards

France

2nd Dorset with 1st Manchester

Mesopotamia

New Army

15th Cheshire

France

6th Durham Light Infantry

France

7th East Kent

France

9th King's Liverpool

July 1916

France

21st Northumberland Fusiliers

Dec. 1916

France

11th Royal Scots

France

12th East Surrey

France

First-line Territorial

1/5th Durham Light Infantry

May 1917

France

1/4th King's Liverpool

France

1/5th London

France

1/13th London

France

1/18th London

France

Second-line Territorial

2/5th Gloucestershire

June 1917

France

2/6th King's Liverpool

Sept. 1918

France

2/4th Royal Fusiliers

France

2/8th Royal Warwickshire

May 1917

France

Dominion

24th Australian

Late 1918

26th Australian

16th Canadian

May 1917

France

Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry

June 1916

France

Sources

1st Coldstream: Noakes, Distant Drum, p. 163.

2nd Dorset: The Mesopoluvian, 2 (June 1917), 6.

2nd Royal Fusiliers: Grey, 2nd City of London Regt., p. 221.

15th Cheshire: Cooke, Historical Records of the 19th Bn., pp. 83–4.

6th Durham: R. B. Ainsworth, The Story of the 6th Bn. The Durham Light Infantry (1919), p. 44.

7th E. Kent: War Diary of the 7th Buffs, WO 95/2049, 17 Sept. 1917.

9th King's: E. H. G. Roberts, The Story of the ‘9th King's’ in France (Liverpool, 1922), 47.

21st Northumberland: Ternan, Story of the Tyneside Scottish, pp. 139–40.

11th Royal Scots: Croft, Three Years, pp. 140–2.

12th E. Surrey: Aston and Duggan, History of the 12th Bn., pp. 64–6.

1/5th Durham: Raimes, The 5th Bn. The Durham Light Infantry, pp. 97, 108–9.

1/4th King's: Russell, With the Machine-Gun Corps, p. 27.

1/5th London: Smith, Four Years, p. 345.

1/13th London: Tucker, Johnny Get Your Gun, p. 20.

1/18th London: F. Dunham, The Long Carry (Oxford, 1970), 210.

2/5th Gloucs.: Barnes, Story of the 2/5th Bn., pp. 67, 152.

2/6th King's: Wurtzburg, History of the 2/6th Bn., p. 219.

2/4th Royal Fusiliers: Grimwade, History of the 4th Bn., p. 236.

2/8th Royal Warks.: H. T. Chidley, Black Square Memories (Oxford, 1924), 126.

24th Australian: Harvey, Red and White Diamond, p. 218.

26th Australian: The Standard of C Company, 1 (July 1918), 12.

16th Canadian: Urquhart, History of the 16th Bn., pp. 224–5.

PPCLI: Hodder-Williams, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, 1. 140.

(p.193)