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Proportional RepresentationCritics of the British Electoral System 1820-1945$
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Jenifer Hart

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780198201366

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201366.001.0001

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The First Critics, 1820–1857

The First Critics, 1820–1857

(p.4) (p.5) I The First Critics, 1820–1857
Proportional Representation

Jenifer Hart

Oxford University Press

Because the notion of coming up with a unanimous decision is important, the first members of parliament during the medieval times were selected through common consent of the people. However, elections during the 15th century were not easily conducted because a 1430 statute that attempted to confine electors to forty-shilling freeholders drew attention to the majority principle wherein only those who had the most supporters were again to have a position in the parliament. This chapter, after it discusses the system which had been adapted earlier in France, introduces Thomas Wright Hill and how he had been able to come up with a method in the theory of voting that allowed the representation of minorities.

Keywords:   unanimous decision, common consent, majority principle, minorities, representation, Thomas Wright Hill

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