Up until the early 19th century, the voting theory received only little attention and even after that, interest circulated among only a small number of people. While there have been previous experiments for application in both the local elections and in the parliament, particularly concerning the limited vote, modifications were still not adopted by the system. Thomas Hare, who was supported by John Stuart Mill, advocated an electoral scheme which involved preferential voting. Campaigns were launched in advocating such causes and implementing the said scheme while also revealing the distorting nature of the simple majority system. They instead suggested the single transferable vote. Reformers were able to introduce bills regarding proportional representation, and an association was also established for such purposes.
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