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Political Violence in IrelandGovernment and Resistance since 1848$

Charles Townshend

Print publication date: 1984

Print ISBN-13: 9780198200840

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200840.001.0001

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(p.415) Bibliography

(p.415) Bibliography

Political Violence in Ireland
Oxford University Press

I. Unpublished Papers

Asquith MSS

Bodleian Library, Oxford

A. J. Balfour MSS

(a)British Library


Bonar Law MSS

House of Lords Record Office

Bryce MSS


Buller MSS

Public Record Office

Cardwell MSS


Carnarvon MSS


Chamberlain MSS

Birmingham University Library

Childers MSS

National Library of Ireland

Collins MSS


French MSS

Imperial War Museum

W. E. Gladstone MSS


Viscount Gladstone MSS


Hart MSS

Public Record Office of Northern Ireland

W. V. Harcourt MSS


L. Harcourt MSS


Hobson MSS


Kilmainham (Irish Command) MSS


Larcom MSS

(a) NLI

(b) Trinity College, Dublin

Lloyd George MSS


Luby MSS


McGarrity MSS


Milner MSS


Montgomery MSS


Mulcahy MSS

University College, Dublin Archive

Sir G. Murray MSS


Nathan MSS


OʼBeirne-Ranelagh MSS

UCD Archive

W. OʼBrien MSS


OʼDonoghue MSS


OʼHagan MSS


OʼMalley MSS

UCD Archive

Anna Parnell MSS


Royal Irish Constabulary (Crime Special) MSS

State Paper Office, Dublin

Saunderson MSS


Strathnairn (Rose) MSS


Tallents MSS


Wilson MSS



II. Official Papers

Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry into the origin and character of the riots in Belfast in July and September 1857; with minutes of Evidence and Appendix. HC 1857–8, XXVI. 1.

H. J. Brownrigg, Examination of Some Recent Allegations concerning the Constabulary Force of Ireland, in a Report to His Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, 9 April 1864.

Report of the Commissioners of Inquiry, 1864, respecting the magisterial and police jurisdiction, arrangements, and establishment of the Borough of Belfast. HC 1865, XXVIII. 1.

Report of the Commissioners appointed by the Home Department to inquire into the treatment of certain treason-felony convicts in the English convict prisons. HC 1867, XXXV. 673.

General Orders for the Guidance of the Troops in Affording Aid to the Civil Power in Ireland. Stationery Office, Dublin, 1870 and 1882.

Return showing, for each month of 1879 and 1880, the number of Land League meetings held and agrarian crimes reported to the Inspector General of the Irish Constabulary. HC 1881, LXXVII. 793.

Return of the Outrages reported to the Royal Irish Constabulary Office from 1st January 1844 to 31st December 1880. HC 1881, LXXVII (C. 2756).

Numerical Returns of Outrages reported to the Constabulary Office in Ireland during 1881. HC 1882, LV (C. 3119).

Report of a Committee of Inquiry appointed by the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, 17 August 1882. HC 1883, XXXII (C. 3577).

Report of the Belfast Riots Commission, with Evidence and Appendices. HC 1887, XVIII (C. 4925).

Report by One of the Commissioners of Inquiry, 1886. HC 1887, XVIII (C. 5029).

Return of Lists of the districts proclaimed under the Criminal Law and Procedure (Ireland) Act, 1887, showing the portions of the Act so put in force in each proclaimed district, and the date of the proclamations. HC 1887, LXVII. 525.

Memorandum as to the principle upon which outrages are recorded as agrarian, and included as such in the returns laid before Parliament. HC 1887, LXVIII. 25.

Return showing, by provinces and counties, the number of cases of Boycotting, and the number of persons wholly and partially Boycotted throughout Ireland, on 31st July 1887 and on 31st January 1888. HC 1888, LXXXIII. 287.

(p.417) Returns of agrarian offences, exclusive of threatening letters and notices, for the first six months of 1882 and of 1887; and analysis of returns during the first and second six months of 1882 and 1887. HC 1888, LXXXIII. 411.

A Return by Counties of all cases of shooting and bomb outrages, including firing at the person, into houses, &c, reported to the Police in Ireland since the Government dropped the Peace Preservation Act. HC 1912–13, LXIX. 725.

Disturbances in Northern Ireland. Report of the Commission appointed by the Governor of Northern Ireland, 1969. Cmd. 532.

Report of the Advisory Committee on Police in Northern Ireland (Hunt Report), 1969. Cmd. 535.

Violence and Civil Disturbances in Northern Ireland in 1969 (Scarman Report), 1972. Cmd. 566.

Review of the Operation of the Prevention of Terrorism (Temporary Provisions) Act 1976 by The Rt. Hon. Earl Jellicoe, 1983. Cmd. 8803.

III. Books, Pamphlets, Articles, and Theses

Akenson, D. H., Education and Enmity: the Control of Schooling in Northern Ireland 1920–50, David and Charles, Newton Abbot, 1973.

Amery, L. S., The Plot Against Ulster, Union Defence League, 1914.

Anderson, R., Sidelights on the Home Rule Movement, Murray, London, 1906.

Andrews, C. S., Dublin Made Me. An Autobiography, Mercier, Dublin and Cork, 1979.

Arendt, H., Crises of the Republic, Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1973.

Arensberg, C. M., The Irish Countryman. An Anthropological Study, London, 1937.

Bahlman, D. W. R. (ed.), The Diary of Sir Edward Walter Hamilton 1880–1885, 2 vols., Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1972.

Baker, S. E., ‘Orange and Green. Belfast 1832–1912’, in H. J. Dyos and M. Wolff (edd.), The Victorian City: images and realities, vol. ii RKP, London, 1973.

Balfour, A. J. (ed. Mrs. E. Dugdale), Chapters of Autobiography, Cassell, London, 1930.

Barry, T., The Reality of the Anglo-Irish War 1920–21 in West Cork. Refutations, Corrections and Comments on Liam Deasy's ‘Towards Ireland Free’, Anvil, Tralee, 1974.

Barzilay, D., The British Army in Ulster, 4 vols., Century Services, Belfast, 1973, 1975, 1978, 1981.

Beames, M. R., ‘Rural conflict in pre-famine Ireland: peasant assassinations in Tipperary 1837–1847’, Past and Present, lxxxi (1978).

Becker, B. H., Disturbed Ireland: Being the Letters Written during the Winter of 1880–81, Macmillan, London, 1881.

Beckett, J. C, The Anglo-Irish Tradition, Faber, London, 1976.

(p.418) Bell, G., The Protestants of Ulster, Pluto, London, 1976.

Bell, J. B., ‘The Escalation of Insurgency: the Provisional Irish Republican Army's Experience 1969–1971’, Review of Politics, xxxv (1973).

——— A Time of Terror. How Democra tic Societies Respond to Revolutionary Violence, Basic Books, New York, 1978.

Bew, P., ‘The Problem of Irish Unionism’, Economy and Society, vi (1977).

——— Land and the National Question in Ireland 1858–82, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1979.

——— ‘Les Fenians et lʼindépendance de l'lrlande’, LʼHistoire, xxxiii (1981).

——— C. S. Parnell. Gill and Macmillan, Dublin 1980.

———, Gibbon, P., and Patterson, H. The State in Northern Ireland 1921– 72. Political Forces and Social Classes, Manchester UP, 1979.

Binchy, D. A., ‘Irish History and Irish Law’, Parts I and II, Studia Hibernica, xv (1975); xvi (1976).

Birmingham, G. (J. O. Hannay), Irishmen All, Foulis, London, 1913.

Blake, H. A., ‘The Irish Police’, The Nineteenth Century, lvii (1881).

Blunt, W. Scawen, The Land War in Ireland, Swift, London, 1912.

Boal, F. W., Murray, R. C, and Poole, M. A., ‘Belfast: the Urban Encapsulation of a National Conflict’, in S. E. Clarke and J. L. Obler (edd.), Urban Ethnic Conflict: A Comparative Perspective, N. Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill, 1976.

Boehringer, G. H., ‘Beyond Hunt: A Police Policy for Northern Ireland of the Future’, Social Studies, ii (1973).

Boulton, D., The UVF 1966–1973, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1973.

Bourke, M., John OʼLeary: a study in Irish separatism, Anvil, Tralee, 1967.

Bowden, T., The Breakdown of Public Security. The Case of Ireland 1916–1921 and Palestine 1936–1939, Sage, London, 1977.

——— ‘The IRA and the changing tactics of terrorism’, Political Quarterly, xlvii (1976).

——— Beyond the Limits of the Law. A comparative study of the police in crisis politics, Pelican, Harmondsworth, 1978.

Boyce, D. G., Nationalism in Ireland, Croom Helm, London, 1982.

Boyle, K., ‘The Tallents Report on the Craig-Collins Pact of 30 March 1922’, Irish Jurist, xii (1977).

——— Hadden, T., and Hillyard, P., Law and State. The Case of Northern Ireland, Robertson, London, 1975.

——— Ten Years on in Northern Ireland, Cobden Trust, London, 1980.

——— ‘Northern Ireland: the communal roots of violence’, New Society, vol. 54, 6 Nov. 1980.

Brady, C, Guardians of the Peace, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1974.

Brennan, R., Allegiance, Browne and Nolan, Dublin, 1950.

British and Irish Communist Organization, The Two Irish Nations: Against Ulster Nationalism, B & ICO, Belfast, 1975.

(p.419) Broeker, G., Rural Disorder and Police Reform in Ireland 1812–36, RKP, London, 1979.

Brown, T. N., ‘Nationalism and the Irish Peasant, 1800–1848’, Review of Politics, xv(1953).

Buckland, P., Irish Unionism 1885–1922, Historical Association, London, 1973.

——— Irish Unionism 1885–1923. A Documentary History, Public Record Office of Northern Ireland, Belfast, 1973.

——— The Factory of Grievances. Devolved Government in Northern Ire land 1921–1939, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1979.

Budge, I., and OʼLeary, C., Belfast: Approach to Crisis. A Study of Belfast Politics 1613–1970, Macmillan, London, 1973.

Bull, P. J., ‘The Reconstruction of the Irish Parliamentary Movement 1895–1903’, Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge, 1973.

Burton, F., The Politics of legitimacy. Struggles in a Belfast community, RKP, London, 1978.

Cambray, P. G., Irish Affairs and the Home Rule Question. A Comparison of the Attitudes of Political Parties towards Irish Problems, Murray, London, 1911.

Carleton, W., Traits and Stories of the Irish Peasantry, 4 vols., London, 1846; repr. Mercier, Cork, 1973.

Casey, D. J., and Rhodes, R. E. (edd.), Views of the Irish Peasantry, 1800–1916, Archon, Hamden, Connecticut, 1977.

Casey, J., ‘Republican courts in Ireland 1919–22’, Irish Jurist, v (1970).

——— ‘The genesis of the Dáil courts’, Irish Jurist, ix (1974).

Chamberlain, J., A Political Memoir 1880–92, Batch worth, London, 1953.

Christianson, G. E., ‘Secret Societies and Agrarian Violence in Ireland,1790–1840’, Agricultural History, xlvi (1972).

Clark, S., ‘The social composition of the Land League’, Irish Historical Studies, xvii (1971).

——— ‘The Political Mobilisation of Irish Farmers’, Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology, xii (1975).

——— ‘The importance of agrarian classes: agrarian class structure and collective action in nineteenth-century Ireland’, British Journal of Sociology, xxix (1978).

——— Social Origins of the Irish Land War, Princeton UP, 1979.

Clark, W., Guns in Ulster, Northern Whig, Belfast, 1967.

Clarkson, J. D., Labour and Nationalism in Ireland, Columbia UP, New York, 1925.

Cluseret, G. P., ‘My Connection with Fenianism’, Littel's Living Age, cxiv (1872).

Comerford, R. V., Charles j. Kickham. A study in Irish nationalism and literature, Wolfhound, Dublin, 1979.

——— ‘Anglo-French tension and the origins of fenianism’, in F. S. L. Lyons (ed.), Ireland Under the Union.

Connolly, J., Revolutionary Warfare, New Books, Dublin, 1968.

Coogan, T. P., The IRA, new edn., Fontana, London, 1980.

(p.420) Cooke, A. B., and Vincent, J., ‘Herbert Gladstone, Forster, and Ireland, 1881–2’, Select Documents XXVIII, Irish Historical Studies, xvii (1971).

——— The Governing Passion. Cabinet Government and Party Politicsin Britain 1885–6, Harvester, Brighton, 1974.

Corfe, T., The Phoenix Park Murders. Conflict, Compromise and Tragedy in Ireland, 1878–1882, Hodder, London, 1968.

Cronin, S., Irish Nationalism. A History of its Roots and Ideology, Academy Press, Dublin, 1980.

Crozier, B., and Moss, R., The Ulster Debate. Report of a Study Group of the Institute for the Study of Conflict, Bodley Head, London, 1972.

Cullen, L. M., and Smout, T. C, Comparative Aspects of Scottish and Irish Economic and Social History, Edinburgh, 1977.

Curran, J. M., ‘The Decline and Fall of the IRB’, Eire-Ireland, x (1975).

——— The Birth of the Irish Free State 1921–1923, Alabama UP, 1980.

Curtis, L. P., Anglo-Saxons and Celts, Conference on British Studies, Bridgport, Connecticut, 1968.

——— Coercion and Conciliation in Ireland 1880–1892. A Study in Conservative Unionism, Princeton UP, 1963.

——— Apes and Angels. The Irishman in Victorian Caricature, David and Charles, Newton Abbot, 1971.

Curtis, R., The Irish Police Officer, Ward, Lock, London, 1861.

——— The History of the Royal Irish Constabulary, Simpkin, London, 1869.

Daly, C. B., Violence in Ireland and Christian Conscience, Veritas, Dublin, 1973.

Dangerfield, G., The Damnable Question. A Study in Anglo-Irish Relations, Constable, London, 1976.

Darby, J., Conflict in Northern Ireland. The Development of a Polarised Community, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1976.

——— and Williamson, A. (edd.), Violence and the Social Services in Northern Ireland, Heinemann, London, 1978.

DʼArcy, W., The Fenian Movement in the United States, Catholic University of America Press, Washington, 1947.

Davis, R., Arthur Griffith and Non-Violent Sinn Féin, Anvil, Dublin, 1974.

——— ‘The Advocacy of Passive Resistance in Ireland, 1916–1922’, Anglo-Irish Studies, iii (1977).

Davitt, M., The Fall of Feudalism in Ireland, or the Story of the Land League Revolution, Harper, London, 1904.

Deasy, L., Towards Ireland Free. The West Cork Brigade in the War of Independence 1917–1921, Mercier, Cork, 1973.

DʼEntreves, A. P., The Notion of the State, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1967.

Derby, Earl of, ‘Ireland and the Land Act’, The Nineteenth Century, lvi (1881).

Devlin, B., The Price of My Soul, Deutsch, London, 1969.

(p.421) Devoy, J., Recollections of an Irish Rebel, repr. Irish UP, Shannon, 1969.

Dewey, C., ‘Celtic agrarian legislation and the Celtic revival: historicist implications of Gladstone's Irish and Scottish Land Acts 1870–1886’, Past and Present, lxiv (1974).

——— ‘The rehabilitation of the peasant proprietor in nineteenth century economic thought’, History of Political Economy, vi (1974).

Dicey, A. V., England's Case Against Home Rule, Murray, London, 1886.

Dillon, J., ‘The Coming Winter in Ireland’, The Nineteenth Century, cxvii (1886).

Donnelly, J. S., Landlord and Tenant in Nineteenth Century Ireland, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1973.

——— The Land and the People of Nineteenth Century Cork, RKP, London, 1975.

——— ‘The Whiteboy movement, 1761–5’, Irish Historical Studies, xxi (1978).

Drudy, P. J. (ed.), Ireland: Land, Politics and People, Cambridge UP, 1982.

Dunbabin, J. P. D., Rural Discontent in Nineteenth Century Britain, Faber, London, 1974.

Edwards, O. Dudley, The Sins of Our Fathers. Roots of Conflict in Northern Ireland, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1970.

Edwards, R. Dudley, Patrick Pearse: the Triumph of Failure, Gollancz, London, 1977.

Enloe, C. H., ‘Police and Military in Ulster: Peacekeeping or Peace-Subverting Forces’, Journal of Peace Research, (1978).

——— Ethnic Soldiers. State Security in a Divided Society, Pelican, Harmondsworth, 1980.

Evans, E. Estyn, The Personality of Ireland: Habitat, Heritage and History, Oxford UP, 1973.

Evelegh, R., Peace-Keeping in a Democratic Society. The Lessons of Northern Ireland, Hurst, London, 1978.

Eversley, Baron (Shaw-Lefevre), Gladstone and Ireland: the Irish Policy of Parliament from 1850–1894, Methuen, London, 1912.

Farrell, B., The Founding of Dάil Éireann: Parliament and Nation-Building, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1971.

Farrell, M., Northern Ireland: the Orange State, Pluto, London, 1975.

Feingold, W. L., ‘The tenants’ movement to capture the Irish Poor Law Boards, 1877–1886’, Albion, vii (1975).

Fergusson of Kilkerran, J., The Curragh Incident, Faber, London, 1964.

Fitzgerald, F. (ed.), Memoirs of Desmond Fitzgerald 1913–1916, RKP, London, 1968.

Fitzgerald, G., Towards a New Ireland, Knight, London, 1972.

Fitzpatrick, D., Politics and Irish Life 1913–1921. Provincial Experience of War and Revolution, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1977.

——— ‘The geography of Irish nationalism 1910–1921’, Past and Present, lxxvii (1978).

(p.422) Flackes, W. D., Northern Ireland. A Political Directory, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1980.

Fogarty, L. (ed.), Collected Writings of James Fintan Lalor, Talbot, Dublin, 1918.

Foster, R. F., Charles Stewart Parnell. The Man and his Family, Harvester, Hassocks, 1976.

——— Lord Randolph Churchill, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1981.

——— ‘Parnell and his people: the Ascendancy and Home Rule’. Unpublished TS.

——— ‘Garret's Crusade’, London Review of Books, Jan. 1982).

Gallagher, M., ‘Socialism and the nationalist tradition in Ireland 1798–1918’, Éire-Ireland, xii (1977).

Gardiner, A. G., The Life of Sir William Harcourt, 2 vols., Constable, London, 1923.

Garvin, T., ‘The destiny of the soldiers: tradition and modernity in the politics of de Valera's Ireland’, Political Studies, xxvi, 1978.

——— The Evolution of Irish Nationalist Politics, Holmes and Meier, New York, 1981.

——— ‘Defenders, Ribbonmen and others: underground political networks in pre-famine Ireland’, Past and Present, xcvi (1982).

Gatrell, V. A. C., ‘The Decline of Theft and Violence in Victorian and Edwardian England’, in V. A. C. Gatrell et al., Crime and the Law. The Social History of Crime in Western Europe since 1500, Europa, London, 1980.

Gaughan, J. A., Austin Stack: Portrait of a Separatist, Kingdom Books, Dublin, 1977.

——— (ed.), Memoirs of Constable Jeremiah Mee, R.I.C., Anvil, Dublin, 1975.

Gibbon, P., The Origins of Ulster Unionism: the Formation of Popular Protestant Politics and Ideology in Nineteenth Century Ireland, Manchester UP, 1975.

——— and Curtin, C., ‘The Stem Family in Ireland’, Comparative Studies in Society and History, xx (1978).

Gilley, S., ‘English attitudes to the Irish in England 1780–1900’, in C. Holmes (ed.), Immigrants and Minorities in British Society, Allen and Unwin, London, 1978.

Gladstone, W. E., ‘Notes and Queries on the Irish Demand’, The Nineteenth Century, cxx (1887).

Gleichen, Gen. Lord Edward, A Guardsman's Memories, Blackwood, Edinburgh, 1932.

Gooch, J., ‘The War Office and the Curragh Incident’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research, xlvi (1973).

Gray, T., The Orange Order, Bodley Head, London, 1972.

Grey, Earl, Ireland. The Causes of its Present Condition, and the Measures Proposed for its Improvement, Murray, London, 1888.

Gurr, T. R., Why Men Rebel, Princeton University Press, 1970.

Gwynn, D., The Irish Free State 1922–1927, Macmillan, London 1928.

(p.423) Gwynn, S., and Tuckwell, G. M., The Life of the Rt. Hon. Sir Charles W. Dilke, 2 vols., Murray, London, 1917.

Hadden, T., and Hillyard, P., Justice in Northern Ireland: a study in social confidence, Cobden Trust, London, 1973.

Haire, D. N., ‘The British Army in Ireland 1868–90’, M.Litt. thesis, Trinity College, Dublin, 1973.

Hamer, D. A., John Morley. Liberal Intellectual in Politics, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1968.

Hammond, J. L., Gladstone and the Irish Nation, Longman, London, 1938.

Hardinge, A. The Fourth Earl of Carnarvon, 3 vols., H. Milford, Oxford, 1925.

Harris, R., Prejudice and Tolerance in Ulster. A study of neighbours and ‘strangers’ in a border community, Manchester UP, 1972.

Harvie, C., ‘Ideology and Home Rule: James Bryce, A. V. Dicey and Ireland, 1880–1887’, English Historical Review, xci (1976).

——— ‘Ireland and the Intellectuals, 1848–1922’, New Edinburgh Review, xxxviii/xxxix (1977).

Hawkins, R., ‘Gladstone, Forster, and the release of Parnell, 1882–8’, Irish Historical Studies, xvi (1969).

———‘An Army on Police Work, 1881–2. Ross of Bladensburg's Memorandum’, Irish Sword, xi (1973).

——— ‘Government versus Secret Societies: The Parnell Era’, in T. D. Williams (ed.), Secret Societies in Ireland.

———‘Liberals, land and coercion in the summer of 1880: the influence of the Carraroe ejectments’, Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society, xxxiv (1974–5).

Henry, R. M., The Evolution of Sinn Féin, Talbot, Dublin, 1920.

Hepburn, A. C., ‘The Ancient Order of Hibernians in Irish Politics 1905–14’, Cithara, x (1971).

——— (ed.), The Conflict of Nationality in Modern Ireland, Arnold, London, 1980.

Heskin, K., Northern Ireland: A Psychological Analysis, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1980.

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Hobsbawm, E. J., Primitive Rebels. Studies in Archaic Forms of Social Movement in the 19th and 20th Centuries, Manchester UP, 1969.

——— and Rudé, G., Captain Swing, new edn., Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1973.

Hobson, B., Defensive Warfare. A Handbook for Irish Nationalists, West Belfast Branch of Sinn Féin, 1909.

Holmes, R., The Little Field-Marshal. Sir John French, Cape, London, 1981.

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——— The Making of the Crofting Community, Donald, Edinburgh, 1976.

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——— ‘Interpretations of Terrorism: Fact, Fiction, and Political Science’, Journal of Contemporary History, vii (1977).

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——— ‘Church, State and Nation in Modern Ireland’, American Historical Review, lxxx (1975).

——— The Roman Catholic Church and the Creation of the Modern Irish State, 1878–1886, Gill and Macmillan, Dublin, 1975.

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——— White Britain and Black Ireland. The Influence of Stereotypes on Colonial Policy, Institute for the Study of Human Issues, Philadelphia, 1976.

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——— ‘The Ribbonmen,’ in T. D. Williams (ed.), Secret Societies in Ireland. LeFanu, W. R., Seventy Years of Irish Life, being Anecdotes and Reminiscences, E. Arnold, London, 1893.

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——— John Dillon. A Biography, RKP, London, 1968.

——— ‘The Political Ideas of Parneir’, Historical Journal, xvi (1973).

——— Charles Stewart Parnell, Collins, London, 1977.

——— Culture and Anarchy in Ireland 1890–1939, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1979.

——— Ireland Since the Famine, Weidenfeld, London, 1971.

——— and Hawkins, R. A. J. (edd.), Ireland Under the Union. Varieties of Tension, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1980.

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——— The Irish Republic. A Documented Chronicle, Gollancz, London, 1937; new edn., Corgi, London, 1968.

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——— Ireland. The Union and its Aftermath, Allen and Unwin, London, 1977.

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MacGiollaChoille, B., ‘Fenians, Rice and Ribbonmen in County Monaghan, 1864–67’, Clogher Record (1967).

——— ‘Fenian documents in the State Paper Office’, Irish Historical Studies, xvi (1969).

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(p.426) MacLochlainn, A., ‘Thomas Davis and Irish Racialism’, Irish Times, 20 Nov. 1973.

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