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The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660$
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Henry Reece

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198200635

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200635.001.0001

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The Army and the Government of the Localities

The Army and the Government of the Localities

Chapter:
(p.138) 8 The Army and the Government of the Localities
Source:
The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660
Author(s):

Henry Reece

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200635.003.0009

The central themes of this chapter are: that there was a continuity in the army's involvement in the government of the localities from 1649 to 1660; that successive governments in London relied on army officers because they had few alternatives; that the major-generals were a development on what had gone before rather than a radical aberration; that the army's role in most parts of the country tended towards interference rather than centralization and did not encroach too much on local autonomy; and that the response of civilian elites to the army's participation in local administration was surprisingly muted. The chapter looks in turn at the army's involvement in policing; the roles of individual officers, particularly garrison governors; the integration of army men into the local community; and the rule of the major-generals in the context of the Protectorate's approach towards settlement in the localities.

Keywords:   officers, garrison governors, localities, local administration, major-generals, centralization, settlement

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