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The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660$
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Henry Reece

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198200635

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200635.001.0001

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The Material Impact of the Military Presence

The Material Impact of the Military Presence

(p.97) 6 The Material Impact of the Military Presence
The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660

Henry Reece

Oxford University Press

The existence of a standing army, however well disciplined, guaranteed financial hardship and social disruption for the civilian communities where the soldiers were based. The first part of the chapter describes the attempts by the government and army to minimize the taking of free quarter. The second part of the chapter establishes where soldiers actually lived, and what this meant for the civilian population. The final section takes a broader view of the material impact — economic, financial, and social — of the soldiers' presence, and discusses the visibility of a standing army, the disorder that accompanied the presence of soldiers, and both the benefits and the threats to local tradesmen posed by the existence of a garrison. The chapter concludes with a brief case study of the impact on Hull of a large, permanent garrison.

Keywords:   standing army, civilians, soldiers, free quarter, garrison, Hull, military presence

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