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The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660$
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Henry Reece

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198200635

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200635.001.0001

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The Garrisoning and Quartering of the Army

The Garrisoning and Quartering of the Army

(p.76) (p.77) 4 The Garrisoning and Quartering of the Army
The Army in Cromwellian England, 1649-1660

Henry Reece

Oxford University Press

Decisions on which towns would be garrisoned and where the army would be quartered led to greatly differing experiences of the military presence for different parts of England. This chapter describes how successive Interregnum governments were determined to avoid a repetition of the consequences of the fall of Colchester, a major inland garrison, to the royalists in the second civil war. The focus of government policy was on forts rather than fortified towns, and on coastal garrisons rather than inland towns. The chapter considers the rationale for maintaining maritime garrisons, and describes where units of the marching army, particularly cavalry, quartered to complement the siting of garrisons. It shows how government was able to reconcile its strategic imperative with the necessity to maintain a visible military presence in large towns.

Keywords:   garrisons, quartering, Colchester, inland towns, maritime garrisons, cavalry, marching army, military presence

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