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Musical InstrumentsHistory, Technology, and Performance of Instruments of Western Music$
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Murray Campbell, Clive Greated, and Arnold Myers

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198165040

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198165040.001.0001

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The Flute Family

The Flute Family

Chapter:
(p.116) 4 The Flute Family
Source:
Musical Instruments
Author(s):

Murray Campbell

Clive Greated

Arnold Myers

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198165040.003.0004

This chapter is primarily concerned with the flute but also covers other instruments, notably the recorder, flageolet, and panpipes. The basic acoustics are centred around the oscillation patterns of air in a cylindrical tube open at both ends, and the ways in which real flutes differ from this simplified model are examined. The development of the renaissance flute into the baroque instrument, and finally, into the modern Boehm instrument is described, including a discussion of Boehm's parabolic head joint. Variations in flute design such as open hole or plateau are described, together with the significance of construction material. Changes in playing technique over the generations are discussed, for example, the use of vibrato and avant-garde techniques, such as flutter tongue and multiphonics.

Keywords:   recorder, flageolet, panpipes, Boehm, construction material, flutter tongue, multiphonics

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