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Musical InstrumentsHistory, Technology, and Performance of Instruments of Western Music$
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Murray Campbell, Clive Greated, and Arnold Myers

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198165040

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198165040.001.0001

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Electroacoustic, Electromechanical, and Electronic Instruments

Electroacoustic, Electromechanical, and Electronic Instruments

(p.428) 13 Electroacoustic, Electromechanical, and Electronic Instruments
Musical Instruments

Murray Campbell

Clive Greated

Arnold Myers

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with a section on microphones, pickups, amplifiers, special effects units, and loudspeakers. This is followed by an outline of historic developments in electroacoustic instruments, such as the electric guitar; electromechanical instruments, such as the Hammond organ; up to the more recent developments in electronic instruments. The basic principles of classical synthesis techniques are explained, including additive, subtractive, frequency modulation, and granular synthesis. Examples of early keyboard synthesizers that used these techniques are given, for example, the Korg and Moog subtractive synthesizers and Yamaha DX7 frequency modulation synthesizer. Devices for controlling electronic instruments are examined, including the use of midi and ways in which computers can be used. Avant-garde techniques discussed include stochastic methods, such as those used by John Cage.

Keywords:   microphone, pickup, amplifier, loudspeaker, synthesizer, additive, subtractive, modulation, John Cage

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