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Musical InstrumentsHistory, Technology, and Performance of Instruments of Western Music$
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Murray Campbell, Clive Greated, and Arnold Myers

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198165040

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198165040.001.0001

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The Pipe Organ

The Pipe Organ

Chapter:
(p.387) 12 The Pipe Organ
Source:
Musical Instruments
Author(s):

Murray Campbell

Clive Greated

Arnold Myers

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198165040.003.0012

This chapter explains the essential acoustical characteristics of flue and reed pipes, with reference to resonator shape and scaling as well as the effect of pipe combinations. The history of the organ is traced from the hydraulis through to theatre and cinema organs and the modern church organ. The relative merits of slider and cone valve chests, mechanical, pneumatic, and electric actions and different methods of air supply are all examined. The layout of a church organ is discussed, including the range of different pipes in common use. Specific attention is paid to the manufacture and voicing of the flue pipes. The section on organ playing includes techniques used in registration, pedalling, and the avant-garde.

Keywords:   pipe organ, hydraulis, chest, pneumatic, pipe, flue, reed, pedalling, theatre organ

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