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Musical InstrumentsHistory, Technology, and Performance of Instruments of Western Music$
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Murray Campbell, Clive Greated, and Arnold Myers

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780198165040

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198165040.001.0001

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The Pianoforte

The Pianoforte

(p.349) 11 The Pianoforte
Musical Instruments

Murray Campbell

Clive Greated

Arnold Myers

Oxford University Press

The chapter begins with a description of a simplified action, as used by Johannes Zumpe in his early instruments, and a survey of the basic acoustics of string vibrations, bridge, and soundboard. The history of the piano is traced from Christofori's invention around 1700, through the development of the Viennese and English actions up to the modern upright and grand. In the section on the ‘piano today’, the strings, pedals, dampers, action, bridges, soundboard, and frame are each examined separately. Techniques used in both manufacture and tuning are covered. The section on performance practice examines tone control, use of the pedals, and contemporary techniques, with reference to some of the great pianists of the past and national schools.

Keywords:   strings, pedals, dampers, action, bridges, soundboard, frame, tuning

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