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Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on SyntaxWith Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic$
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David Langslow

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780198153023

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.001.0001

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Lecture II, 18

Lecture II, 18

Chapter:
(p.600) Lecture II, 18
Source:
Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax
Author(s):

David Langslow (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0069

With the briefest nod at terms ancient and modern for ‘verb’,indeclinable words are introduced, beginning with ten lectures on prepositions [here divided into two parts]. After notes on terminology and recent bibliography, the chapter sketches (Lectures 17–18) a summary inventory of ‘true prepositions’ and ‘improper prepositions’ (or ‘prepositional adverbs’) in Greek and Latin, distinguishing inherited and secondary forms of various types (with an excursus on words for ‘about’). Turning to the use of the true prepositions, the chapter comments briefly on their original use as adverbs (Lecture 18), before giving a detailed account of their use as preverbs in compound verbs. This includes discussion of tmesis (formal separation from/union with the verb, Lecture 19), semantic effects of fusion of preverb and verb (Lecture 20), verbs which occur only with — or never with — preverbs, and other sources of apparent instances of preverb + verb (Lecture 21).

Keywords:   adverb, compound verb, improper preposition, indeclinable, preposition, prepositional adverb, preverb, tmesis, true preposition, verb

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