Lecture I, 6
This chapter begins (here divided into two parts) with a review of the place of syntax in the history of linguistics and classical scholarship, from antiquity to Wackernagel's own day. The scope of syntax is defined. Comparative syntax is introduced (Lectures 1–2) as being of three different types, since syntactic similarities between languages can arise because the languages are of the same type, or by inheritance from a common ancestor, or by borrowing (syntactic interference). A summary outline is given of the study of syntax in Greece and Rome (Lectures 3–4),the Byzantine and Middle Ages, the 18th and 19th centuries — especially Gottfried Hermann — (Lectures 5–6), and the period since. Special attention is paid (Lectures 6–7) to recent studies distinguishing different periods and varieties of Greek (from Homer to modern Greek) and Latin (from Plautus to the Romance languages). On Germanic syntax, Jacob Grimm has pride of place (Lecture 8).
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