Lecture I, 51
In Lecture 49, the chapter begins the discussion of the cases by drawing attention to indeclinable nouns and defective nouns (nouns lacking one or more case-forms), and by considering the relation between case-forms and adverbs. The chapter proceeds (Lecture 50) to the question of the number of cases to be found in Indo-European and non-Indo-European languages,and to the diachronic phenomenon of syncretism (reduction over time in the number of cases) and reasons for it. Postponed to a later lecture (one never published) is the treatment of the use of the individual cases, with the exception of the vocative, which, together with the use of nominative for vocative, and some remarks on the use of the vocative particles Gk □ and Lat. ο, is the subject of the last lecture of the first series (Lecture 51).
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