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Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on SyntaxWith Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic$
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David Langslow

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780198153023

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.001.0001

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Lecture I, 23

Lecture I, 23

Chapter:
(p.171) Lecture I, 23
Source:
Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax
Author(s):

David Langslow (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.003.0023

After an introduction to the basic categories of grammatical voice,and the associated terminology, this chapter discusses first (Lectures 21–2) differences of meaning between active and middle forms in Greek, with some remarks on active-only and middle-only verbs. In Lecture 23, the chapter passes to Latin and compares certain uses of Latin deponents and passives with those of Greek middles, concluding with some remarks on the endings associated with voice and tense in Greek and Latin. The passive, finally, is discussed first with regard to the various formal ways of expressing it, and then with regard to its use, its patterns of distribution, and its functions. Lecture 25 begins — and this chapter concludes — with discussion of the impersonal passive, and of combinations of infinitive + modal verb in the passive.

Keywords:   active, active-only, deponent, impersonal passive, middle, middle-only, passive, reflexive, tense, voice

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