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The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought$
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Christopher Gill

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780198152682

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.001.0001

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Development and the Structured Self

Development and the Structured Self

Chapter:
(p.127) 3 Development and the Structured Self
Source:
The Structured Self in Hellenistic and Roman Thought
Author(s):

Christopher Gill (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198152682.003.0003

This chapter charts links between the Stoic and Epicurean conception of self that is discussed in Chapters 1 and 2 (the structured self), and their ideas about ethical development. Human beings, while seen as psychophysical and psychological wholes, are also seen as constitutively capable of achieving a fully structured and coherent ethical character. This set of ideas is illustrated especially by reference to the Stoic theory of development as ‘appropriation’. The Stoic theory is seen as embodying a holistic approach both to human psychology and to ideals of ethical character. Stoic and Epicurean ideas about development are also linked with their use of the ‘whole-person’ model of causation and with ‘rich naturalism’, that is, the systematic integration of logic, ethics, and physics. Stoic-Epicurean thinking about development is contrasted with the Platonic-Aristotelian approach, especially as found in Antiochus and Arius Didymus.

Keywords:   Epicureanism, ethical holism, psychological holism, rich naturalism, whole-person causation, Platonic-Aristotelian thought, Stoicism

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