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Party Competition in Indian StatesElectoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity$
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Suhas Palshikar, K C Suri, and Yogendra Yadav

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198099178

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.001.0001

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Congress Win Reverses the Trend of Lok Sabha Elections in Haryana

Congress Win Reverses the Trend of Lok Sabha Elections in Haryana

(p.156) 5 Congress Win Reverses the Trend of Lok Sabha Elections in Haryana
Party Competition in Indian States

Kushal Pal

Praveen Rai

Oxford University Press

In Haryana, the 2009 general election was seen as a referendum on the Congress government’s four-year governance of the state. Historically, the ruling party had always been defeated but this time there was a reversal of this trend. The incumbent Congress government retained its power despite the pre-election alliance between the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Lok Dal. State-level factors played a more important role than national-level issues in deciding the outcome of the 2009 Lok Sabha election. The multipolar contest and fragmentation of opposition votes favour ed the Congress. The changed caste equation in the state gave the Congress an enhanced vote share among the Jats which accounts for about a quarter of state’s electorate. The positive image of Chief Minister Bhupinder Singh Hooda was in large measure responsible factor for this tilt. Moreover the voters in Haryana believed that the Congress government did succeed in good governance and delivering basic goods and services in the state.

Keywords:   anti-incumbency, multipolar contest, fragmentation, caste equation, good governance, Haryana

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