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Party Competition in Indian StatesElectoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity$
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Suhas Palshikar, K C Suri, and Yogendra Yadav

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198099178

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.001.0001

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Kerala’s Electoral Pendulum Swings Back and Forth

Kerala’s Electoral Pendulum Swings Back and Forth

(p.497) 25 Kerala’s Electoral Pendulum Swings Back and Forth
Party Competition in Indian States

K.M. Sajad Ibrahim

Oxford University Press

There is one important trend in the electoral outcomes in Kerala over the past three decades: the incumbent party loses out unless extraordinary circumstances come into play. The results of the 2009 Lok Sabha election were exactly a reversal of the results of the 2004 elections – a complete swing from left to right. The victory of the UDF in the Lok Sabha election 2009 can be attributed to multiple factors: one is the anti-incumbency syndrome that Kerala experiences in election after election, another is the high percentage of vote for the UDF among the minorities – the LDF lost nearly 15 percent of Muslim votes compared to the 2004 Lok Sabha elections. It is better to say that the future of bipolar coalition politics of Kerala heavily depends on the performance of the fronts as well as the attitude of minority communities which depends on the configuration of political parties at the national and state levels.

Keywords:   Kerala, LDF, UDF, Kerala Congress, CPI(M), CPI, BJP, Janata Dal (S), Christians, Muslims

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