Decline of the North–South Divide?
This chapter highlights the blurring of the well-known North–South divide in Goa, especially with the 2012 Assembly elections. The 2009 elections restored this famous divide, where the majority Hindu community has a major presence in the North, while the minority Christian community has a sizeable presence in the South. This historical social complexity crystallized into distinct political outfits – Maharashtrawadi Gomantak Party (MGP) and the United Goans Party (UGP). The 2009 verdict maintained this status quo, with the BJP and Congress retaining their Lok Sabha seats in the state. But the 2012 Assembly polls took a very interesting turn. The BJP did exceedingly well in the North, and although the South is the traditional stronghold of Congress, it performed poorly in this region. The Assembly elections point to a blurring of the North–South distinction and in this sense the state-level elections of 2012 were more significant than the parliamentary elections of 2009.
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