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Party Competition in Indian StatesElectoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity$
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Suhas Palshikar, K C Suri, and Yogendra Yadav

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198099178

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.001.0001

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Bihar

Bihar

Development Finally Delivered

Chapter:
(p.262) 11 Bihar
Source:
Party Competition in Indian States
Author(s):

Sanjay Kumar

Rakesh Ranjan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.003.0012

This chapter seeks to answer the most-debated question during the 2009 Lok Sabha elections in Bihar after the victory of the Nitish Kumar-led JD (U)-BJP government: whether people voted for the developmental work done by the state government or if the victory of the ruling alliance was due to the new caste equation created by Nitish Kumar through community-targeted development schemes. The chapter presents an analysis of the results of the 2009 Lok Sabha elections and demonstrates that the support for the ruling alliance was widespread. Findings from the survey data clearly show that large numbers of people considered development to have taken place in Bihar and consequently voted for the ruling alliance. The analysis indicates a strong relationship between caste and voting, with hardly any shift in caste-based voting, except amongst the Dalits, Muslims and Lower sections of Other Backward Castes who voted for the ruling alliance during 2009 Lok Sabha elections in much bigger numbers than previously, as a result of welfare policies targeted at these communities.

Keywords:   development, caste equation, developmental work, voting patterns, caste- communities in Bihar, welfare policies, governance, mobilization

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