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Party Competition in Indian StatesElectoral Politics in Post-Congress Polity$
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Suhas Palshikar, K C Suri, and Yogendra Yadav

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198099178

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

Normalization of the ‘Post-Congress Polity’

Chapter:
(p.1) Introduction
Source:
Party Competition in Indian States
Author(s):

Suhas Palshikar

K.C. Suri

Yogendra Yadav

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099178.003.0001

This book deals with the different aspects of electoral politics in Indian states during the period 2008-2012 and the nature of the relationship between between electoral politics in the states and at the all-India level. It reviews the changes in the system of party competition after the rise of a more stable bi-polar contest in Indian elections. While the first phase of the post-Congress polity during the 1990s saw the defeat of the incumbent parties in election after election, the next phase which this chapter examines is marked by a fair chance for the incumbent party to retain political power. The chapter shows that the dramatic features of the post-Congress polity, namely the participatory upsurge, political uncertainly and the emergence of new parties primarily on the basis of social identities, have been either subdued or have acquired a routine existence. Such a condition is described in this chapter as normalization of electoral competition.

Keywords:   post-Congress polity, normalization, electoral volatility, anti-incumbency, effective number of parties, relevant parties, convergence, social cleavages, issue space, electoral cycle

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