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Indian National Congress and the Struggle for Freedom1885-1947$
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Amales Tripathi and Amitava Tripathi

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198090557

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090557.001.0001

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The Fourth Phase (1943–1947)

The Fourth Phase (1943–1947)

From Wavell to Mountbatten—The Road to Independence and Partition

Chapter:
(p.363) 4 The Fourth Phase (1943–1947)
Source:
Indian National Congress and the Struggle for Freedom
Author(s):

Amales Tripathi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090557.003.0004

In his Discovery of India, Jawaharlal Nehru described the Quit India Movement as essentially a spontaneous mass upheaval in which the players, particularly Mahatma Gandhi, showed a sense of hesitation and self-conflict. Nehru argued that the movement against the British government was ‘ill-advised and untimely’. Due to sheer desperation, Gandhi decided to discard non-violence and refused to cooperate with the ‘Allied Powers’. Meanwhile, the Muslim League propagated the demand for Pakistan in order to win the support of the masses. This chapter examines India’s road to independence and the partition, along with the roles played by Lord Wavell and Lord Mountbatten as well as the Indian National Congress in these events. It considers the political unrest in Bengal and its impact on the Muslim League, the Calcutta riots of 1946, the arguments against Partition, and Britain’s eventual granting of independence to India in August 1947.

Keywords:   riots, Muslim League, Pakistan, independence, partition, India, Lord Wavell, Lord Mountbatten, Indian National Congress, Britain

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