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The Long Road to Social Security
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The Long Road to Social Security: Assessing the Implementation of National Social Security Initiatives for the Working Poor in India

K.P. Kannan and Jan Breman


In 2004, the first United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government of India created a National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector (NCEUS) to review the country’s informal economy in general and to improve the plight of poor workers in particular. The result was a series of reports highlighting the problems of the labouring poor with regards to livelihood security. Some of the Commission’s major findings are: 86 per cent of the total number of workers are in the informal sector, self-employment and casual labor are the most common forms of employment in India, and almost 80 per c ... More

Keywords: India, National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, social security, Unorganised Workers Social Security Act, informal economy, health insurance, Rashtriya Swasthaya Bima Yojana, National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Rajiv Aarogyasri Community Health Insurance Scheme, Punjab

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780198090311
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090311.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

K.P. Kannan, editor
Former Director and Professor of Development Economics, Centre for Development Studies, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala

Jan Breman, editor
Professor Emeritus and Fellow, Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands

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Jan Breman and K.P. Kannan

I Overview Papers

2 National Health Insurance for the Poor

K.P. Kannan and Varinder Jain

II Andhra Pradesh

III Kerala

6 Beneficiary as Agency

K.P. Kannan and N. Jagajeevan

IV Gujarat

V Odisha

VI Punjab

12 Functioning of NREGS in a Prosperous State

Sucha Singh Gill, Sukhwinder Singh, and Jaswinder Singh Brar

13 Social Security in Punjab

Sucha Singh Gill, Sukhwinder Singh, and Jaswinder Singh Brar