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Social and Economic Impact of SEZs in India$
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Aradhna Aggarwal

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198077275

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077275.001.0001

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Special Economic Zones

Special Economic Zones

A Global Perspective

(p.37) 3 Special Economic Zones
Social and Economic Impact of SEZs in India

Aradhna Aggarwal

Oxford University Press

This chapter highlights the evolutionary process of special economic zones (SEZs) and their performance in 22 selected countries across the world. Drawing upon the existing literature, historical evidence, and the official websites, the analysis suggests that most countries are focusing upon expanding and/or upgrading their zones with generous incentives, to take advantage of the potential of SEZs in this globalized economy. In initial stages of growth, SEZs were used as a reactive way to make up for institutional bottlenecks of the economy but, over time, governments have increasingly been using them proactively as a means to push industrial development in new directions. While successful countries are extending them to newer directions, not-so-successful countries are not deterred by their failures. They seem be resolute to take bolder measures to emulate the success of successful countries.

Keywords:   SEZs, Asia, South Asia, Middle East, Africa, Latin America, Caribbean countries, free trade zone, export processing zone, free economic zone

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