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The Economic History of India, 1857-1947$
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Tirthankar Roy

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198074175

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198074175.001.0001

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Population and Labour

Population and Labour

(p.267) 11 Population and Labour
The Economic History of India, 1857-1947

Tirthankar Roy

Oxford University Press

There are three sets of factors that determine population growth: the economic rationality of having large or small families, the sociocultural contexts influencing preferences for large or small families, and health care systems and nutritional status. These relationships are explained by the ‘demographic transition’ theory. After years of having either a stagnant or slow population growth, India began to experience rapid growth from the 1920s. This chapter assesses the impact of demographic transition on the labour force, focusing first on the statistics on population growth and then turning to the structure of occupations. It also considers the causes of the increase and eventual decline in mortality rates in India as well as birth rates, migration (internal and international), and famines.

Keywords:   population growth, labour force, India, demographic transition, occupations, mortality, birth rates, famines, migration

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