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History, Literature, and IdentityFour Centuries of Sikh Tradition$
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Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198070740

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070740.001.0001

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The ‘House of Nanak’—An Expression of Divine Grace

The ‘House of Nanak’—An Expression of Divine Grace

Guru Ram Das

(p.69) 4 The ‘House of Nanak’—An Expression of Divine Grace
History, Literature, and Identity

J.S. Grewal

Oxford University Press

Guru Ram Das’s bānī is incorporated in the Gurū Granth Sāhib in thirty Rāgs, in addition to the Rahirās and the Kīrtan Sohilā. His composition contains metaphors and similes, many of which relate to his physical, social, economic, political and cultural environment. Some of the important metaphors in the bānī of Guru Ram Das pertain to socio-religious life, the ceremonies of betrothal and marriage, the dowry, and the bridal bed. Guru Ram Das’s theology is essentially the same as that of Guru Nanak. There are numerous references to the Gursikh in the bānī of Guru Ram Das, with the Sikhs portrayed as having love of God in their hearts. There are also references to the sangat of sants or sādhs. The whole dispensation of the House of Guru Nanak is apparently an expression of the divine order and divine grace.

Keywords:   Guru Amar Das, Guru Nanak, Sikhs, divine grace, bānī, Rāgs, betrothal, theology, sangat, marriage

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