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India–China Boundary Problem 1846–1947$
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A.G. Noorani

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198070689

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070689.001.0001

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The Genesis

The Genesis

(p.1) 1 The Genesis
India–China Boundary Problem 1846–1947

A.G. Noorani

Oxford University Press

This chapter traces the roots of the boundary dispute between India and China. Britain acquired in its boundary problem with China, when in 1846, it added to its sprawling Empire the State of Jammu & Kashmir, which it had created anew. When India became independent on 15 August 1947, it acquired a latent boundary dispute with China in the east — the McMahon Line. A western and more complex dimension was added on the accession of the State of Jammu & Kashmir to India on 26 October 1947. The crucial question is—to what boundaries was India entitled in law when it became independent on 15 August 1947 and China, likewise, was entitled on 1 October 1949 when the People's Republic of China was established?

Keywords:   boundary disputes, India, McMahon Line, Britain, Jammu & Kashmir, Indian independence

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