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Images and ContextsThe Historiography of Science and Modernity in India$
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Dhruv Raina

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780198068808

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068808.001.0001

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Scientism and Romanticism

Scientism and Romanticism

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Scientism and Romanticism
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Images and Contexts
Author(s):

Dhruv Raina

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068808.003.0002

In studies on the history of science and technology in India, the historiographic frames are structured by a host of factors, such as the nature of the interaction between traditional forms of knowledge and new knowledge. The politics of knowledge throws up issues relating to the interplay between local cultural embodiments and structures of imperialism. Scientific and technological knowledge are essential components of the historiography of modernity. This chapter examines four phases in the evolution of this discourse, highlighting the differences between these phases and the contradictions implicit within each of them. These four phases are: British and French Orientalist studies on the sciences of India; pre-independence nationalist studies; the phase of post-colonial reconstruction or the golden age of scientism; and the post-positivist phase. First, the chapter considers the link between science and nationalism and then discusses the golden age of scientism.

Keywords:   history of science, historiography, scientism, nationalism, knowledge, Orientalist studies, nationalist studies, golden age of scientism

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