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B.R. AmbedkarThe Buddha and his Dhamma$
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Aakash Singh Rathore and Ajay Verma

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198068679

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198068679.001.0001

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Campaign of Conversion

Campaign of Conversion

(p.64) 2 Campaign of Conversion
B.R. Ambedkar

Aakash Singh Rathore

Ajay Verma

Oxford University Press

This chapter provides narration of the Buddha' quest for the conversion of his subjects through sermons and words of enlightenment. Upon the achievement of enlightenment, Tathagata (enlightened One), embraced the duty to teach the way to illumination. To achieve enlightenment, the Buddha provided two paths of conversion: the Conversion to the Order of Bhikkus and Conversion to the Order of Upasakas. Bhikkus are homeless wanderers bounded by vows that must be strictly observed. Upasakas are householders governed by precepts that must be observed to the best of their ability. Bhikkus come to the Order through the Upasampada ceremony while Upasakas require no ceremony. The chapter also discusses the Buddha's sermons which he imparted to Parivrajakas who were entrusted the task of preaching. These sermons include: path of purity; ashtanga marga or path of righteousness; and path of virtue. The chapter also provides accounts of conversions of some of his followers and describes his meeting with his family after becoming a Buddha.

Keywords:   conversion, sermons, words of enlightenment, enlightenment, Tathagata, paths of conversion, Order of Bhikkus, Order of Upasakas, ashtanga marga, Parivrajakas

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