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The International Law of the SeaIndia and the UN Convention of 1982$
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Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780198060000

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060000.001.0001

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The Exclusive Economic Zone

The Exclusive Economic Zone

(p.130) 5 The Exclusive Economic Zone
The International Law of the Sea

O.P. Sharma

Oxford University Press

This chapter elaborates the concept of the exclusive economic zone (EEZ), created in response to the contemporary need for the economic development of coastal States. Issues such as the legal status of the EEZ, enforcement jurisdiction in the EEZ, the relationship between the EEZ and the continental shelf, the significance of the ‘peaceful use’ or ‘peaceful purposes’ clauses of the Convention, how far a State can impart military activities in the foreign EEZs, and delimitation of the EEZ between adjacent and opposite nations are explored. The author also discusses Institutional Arrangements for Ocean Management made by the Indian Government through the Maritime Zones Act in 1976, the creation of an armed Coast Guard in 1978, the Department of Ocean Development in 1981, and the formation of the Earth Commission in 2006. The chapter concludes with a discussion of bilateral agreements regarding EEZs concluded between some dozen countries around the world.

Keywords:   exclusive economic zone, coastal States, EEZs, institutional arrangements, the Coast Guard, Earth Commission, Ocean management, Bilateral agreements, enforcement jurisdiction, continental shelf

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