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The International Law of the SeaIndia and the UN Convention of 1982$
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Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780198060000

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198060000.001.0001

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The Contiguous Zone

The Contiguous Zone

(p.104) 4 The Contiguous Zone
The International Law of the Sea

O.P. Sharma

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a discussion on the contiguous zone i.e. the waters contiguous to and beyond the territorial sea in which States have limited powers for the enforcement of customs, fiscal, sanitary, and immigration laws. Although the Hague Codification Conference ended in failure, the contiguous zone was not eliminated, but began to be more and more a component of international practice. India has supported a twelve-mile (i.e. 24 nautical miles from the baseline of a coastal state) contiguous zone, though it did not make any formal proposal to that effect in the 1958 Geneva Conference on the Law of the Sea. The chapter concludes by discussing contiguous zones and the Right of Hot Pursuit and other issues of general security. The creation of contiguous zones in the interests of security is also discussed.

Keywords:   contiguous zone, Hague Codification Conference, territorial sea, Baselines, Indian maritime interests, Geneva Conference on the Law of the Sea, Right of Hot Pursuit, International Law Commission

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