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Building LegitimacyExploring State-Society Relations in Northeast India$
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M. Sajjad Hassan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195692976

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195692976.001.0001

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Contested State Power in Manipur

Contested State Power in Manipur

(p.35) Chapter 2 Contested State Power in Manipur
Building Legitimacy

M. Sajjad Hassan

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the process of state formation in pre-colonial and colonial Manipur. It also examines the social conflicts that took place in the state in the run-up to Independence, the political contestations between groups within the state, and those between state and central leaders after Independence, and the subsequent merger of the state with the Indian Union. It reveals that exclusivist political organization and the poor institutionalization of political parties in both the Valley and the Hills have resulted in severe instability in Manipur and is caused by the poor ability of political institutions to manage conflicts is worsened by the rising aspirations among all sections of the population. The chapter finally asserts that Manipur has neither had a uniting political party, nor an ideology powerful enough to bring different sections of the population together, nor a leader who could by his/her authority inspire the different sections to a pan-Manipuri project.

Keywords:   Manipur, state formation, Independence, Indian Union, exclusivist political organization, political contestations, Valley, Hills, political institutions

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