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India’s Ancient Past$
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R. S. Sharma

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195687859

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.001.0001

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Geographical Setting

Geographical Setting

(p.31) 4 Geographical Setting
India’s Ancient Past

R.S. Sharma

Oxford University Press

The Indian subcontinent emerged as a separate geographical unit. This subcontinent is divided into India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Pakistan. It is largely situated in the tropical zone. The monsoon has played an important role in India’s history. India is bounded by the Himalayas on the north and seas on the other three sides. The Himalayas protect the country against the cold arctic winds blowing from Siberia through Central Asia. The heart of historical India is formed by its important rivers which are swollen by the tropical monsoon rains. In ancient times, despite the difficulties of communications, people moved from north to south, and vice versa. This led to a give and take in culture and language. The exploitation of the natural resources of India has an important bearing on its history. All kinds of stones, copper and iron ores are accessible in India.

Keywords:   Indian subcontinent, geographical unit, natural resources, monsoon, Himalayas, rivers, communications, culture, language

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