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India’s Ancient Past$
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R. S. Sharma

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195687859

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.001.0001

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Brahmanization, Rural Expansion, and Peasant Protest in the Peninsula

Brahmanization, Rural Expansion, and Peasant Protest in the Peninsula

(p.265) 28 Brahmanization, Rural Expansion, and Peasant Protest in the Peninsula
India’s Ancient Past

R.S. Sharma

Oxford University Press

The second historical phase in the regions south of the Vindhyas exhibits some new characteristics that were not regarded as significant in earlier times. The Vakataka power was followed by that of the Chalukyas of Badami who played a significant role in the history of the Deccan and south India. The Kalabhra revolt was a powerful peasant protest directed against the landed brahmanas. It was so widespread that it could be quelled only through the joint efforts of the Pandyas, the Pallavas, and the Chalukyas of Badami. There was a conflict between the Pallavas and the Chalukyas. It was shown that the state made heavy demands on the labour and produce of the peasantry. The large number of grants made to the brahmanas contributed in spreading new methods of cultivation and increasing the size of the rural communities. Possibly most of peasant castes were called shudras in the brahmanical system.

Keywords:   Vindhyas, Kalabhra revolt, Pandyas, Pallavas, Chalukyas, peasantry, brahmanical system

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