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India’s Ancient Past$
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R. S. Sharma

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195687859

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.001.0001

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Iranian and Macedonian Invasions

Iranian and Macedonian Invasions

(p.153) 16 Iranian and Macedonian Invasions
India’s Ancient Past

R.S. Sharma

Oxford University Press

The Indian subjects were enrolled in the Iranian army. The Indo-Iranian contact lasted for about 200 years. It gave an impetus to Indo-Iranian trade and commerce. The cultural results were more substantial. The Greeks eventually ruined the Iranian empire under the leadership of Alexander of Macedonia. Following the conquest of Iran, Alexander moved on to Kabul, from where he marched to India through the Khyber Pass. The Greek soldiers were told of a formidable power on the Ganges. Alexander’s campaign paved the way for Greek merchants and craftsmen, and elevated the existing facilities for trade. It also increased the Greek settlements and expanded the Maurya Empire.

Keywords:   Indo-Iranian trade, Indo-Iranian commerce, Alexander, Greek settlements, Maurya Empire, Greek merchants, Greek craftsmen

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