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India’s Ancient Past$
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R. S. Sharma

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780195687859

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.001.0001

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Harappan Culture: Bronze Age Urbanization in the Indus Valley

Harappan Culture: Bronze Age Urbanization in the Indus Valley

Chapter:
(p.74) 10 Harappan Culture: Bronze Age Urbanization in the Indus Valley
Source:
India’s Ancient Past
Author(s):

R.S. Sharma

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195687859.003.0010

The urban culture of the Bronze Age found in Harappa was a path-breaking discovery. No other Bronze Age civilization gave so much care to health and cleanliness as did the Harappan. The Indus people produced wheat, barley, rai, peas, and the like. The Indus people were the earliest people to produce cotton. The Harappans conducted considerable trade in stone, metal and shell, within the Indus culture zone. The male deity is represented on a seal. The people of the Indus region worshipped trees. Animals were also worshipped. The greatest artistic creations of the Harappan culture are seals. Sometimes Harappan culture is called Rig Vedic, but its principal features do not figure in the Rig Veda. Similarly, the de-urbanization of the Harappan city is not a simple transformation but meant the disappearance of towns, script, and burnt bricks.

Keywords:   urban culture, Harappan culture, Bronze Age civilization, Indus, seals, trade, male deity, Harappan city, de-urbanization

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