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CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTSAn Omnibus Comprising Constitutional Questions in India and Citizens' Rights, Judges and State Accountability$
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A. G. Noorani

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195678291

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.001.0001

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The Options When a Government Loses its Majority 1

The Options When a Government Loses its Majority 1

Chapter:
(p.17) 1 The Options When a Government Loses its Majority1
Source:
CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS AND CITIZENS' RIGHTS
Author(s):

A.G. Noorani

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195678291.003.0011

This chapter addresses constitutional questions that arose in the aftermath of the Bharatiya Janata Party's (BJP) withdrawal of support to the National Front on 23 October 1990. There were four distinct issues. First, was Prime Minister V. P. Singh bound to resign from office soon after the BJP withdrew its support, or was he entitled to secure a verdict on his stewardship from the Lok Sabha? Second, if his motion of confidence is defeated in the Lok Sabha, is he entitled to dissolve the Lok Sabha in favour of a verdict of the people? What are the powers and duties of the president in such a situation? Third, is the president bound, in that event, to ask the single largest party in the Lok Sabha, the Congress(I), to form a government? Last, if the Congress(I), on being so asked, fails to drum up a majority and asks for the Lok Sabha's dissolution, is the president bound to grant it?

Keywords:   Bharatiya Janata Party, constitutional questions, Prime Minister V. P. Singh, Lok Sabha

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