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A History of the SikhsVolume 2: 1839-2004$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673098

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673098.001.0001

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Singh Sabha and Social Reform

Singh Sabha and Social Reform

(p.136) 9. Singh Sabha and Social Reform
A History of the Sikhs

Khushwant Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the Singh Sabha, a society that protested against the speeches of a Hindu orator, and the missionary activity of Christians and Hindus. It illustrates that the Radha Soami, Nirankari, and Namdhari movements made a small impact on the Sikhs. These all developed into schismatic coteries that owed allegiance to their particular guru and practised their own obscure rituals. It shows that after an American Presbyterian Mission was established in Ludhiana, other religious factions opened their own centres. The British officials, however, actively supported the Christian missionaries. The chapter moves on to discuss the Singh Sabhas of Amritsar and Lahore, and introduces the Arya Samaj. The followers of Arya Samaj believed in a single omnipresent and invisible God who was equal to human beings.

Keywords:   Singh Sabha, Radha Soami, Nirankari, Namdhari, American Presbyterian Mission, Christian missionaries, Arya Samaj

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