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A History of the SikhsVolume 2: 1839-2004$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673098

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673098.001.0001

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Religious Movements

Religious Movements

(p.123) 8. Religious Movements
A History of the Sikhs

Khushwant Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter talks about the religious movements of the Sikh, starting with the Nirankaris. This was founded by Dyal Das, who believed that God was formless and that idol worship was futile. The second is the Radha Soami sect that was founded by Shiv Dayal. It has a doctrine that contained elements of both Sikhism and Hinduism, and described God as the union between Soāmī (the Master) and radha (the soul). The Namdhari or Kuka Movement of Balak Singh was known to task its followers to live simply and practice a single religious ritual, which involved repeating God’s name. Balak Singh was succeeded by Ram Singh, and it was his boycott of British goods, law courts, government schools, and the postal service that was adopted six decades later by Mahatma Gandhi.

Keywords:   religious movements, Nirankaris, Dyal Das, Radha Soami, Shiv Dayal, Namdhari Movement, Kuka Movement, Balak Singh, Ram Singh

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