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A History of the SikhsVolume 2: 1839-2004$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673098

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673098.001.0001

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Crescat E Fluviis 1

Crescat E Fluviis 1

(p.116) 7. Crescat E Fluviis1
A History of the Sikhs

Khushwant Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks at the government’s efforts to reclaim the desert, build railway lines and roads, and create a series of canals. These canals were part of the irrigation schemes for the desert, including the Triple Project in 1905. The Triple Project was the most daring of all the irrigation schemes, and served to bring water into Montgomery. The chapter reveals that aside from digging these canals, the desert lands were also rehabilitated. The Sikh were relocated to a tract called the nīlī bār, which was irrigated by the Chenab Canal. These new colonists were categorised into common peasants, yeomen, and ‘capitalists’. The rest of the chapter is devoted to describing the production of the canal colonies and the proportion of the Sikhs in the imperial army.

Keywords:   irrigation schemes, Triple Project, canal colonies, nīlī bār, Chenab Canal, desert rehabilitation

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