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A History of the SikhsVolume 2: 1839-2004$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673098

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673098.001.0001

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The Punjab Under British Occupation

The Punjab Under British Occupation

(p.54) 3. The Punjab Under British Occupation
A History of the Sikhs

Khushwant Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter relates the events that happened after the victory of the British at Sabraon, which marked the start of the British occupation. It discusses the two treaties, which are the Treaties of Lahore and the Treaty of Bhairowal. The Treaties of Lahore helped Lord Hardinge facilitate a takeover by weakening the Durbar state. This was done by reducing its army, depriving it of valuable territory, and boosting a rival power on its frontier. The Treaties of Lahore were replaced by the Treaty of Bhairowal, which stated that the British government is responsible for the maintenance of the protection and administration of the maharajah during his minority. This treaty allowed the British resident to be independent of the council of regency. It also allowed him to be elevated to the position of a governor.

Keywords:   British at Sabraon, British occupation, Treaties of Lahore, Treaty of Bhairowal, Lord Hardinge, British resident, Durbar

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