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A History of the SikhsVolume 2: 1839-2004$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673098

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673098.001.0001

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World War I and its Aftermath

World War I and its Aftermath

(p.160) 11. World War I and its Aftermath
A History of the Sikhs

Khushwant Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses World War I and its aftermath on the Sikhs who participated in the war. It first looks at the contribution of the Sikhs to the war, which was providing 100,000 Sikh soldiers to the British Army. The next section studies the aftermath of the war, particularly the events that led to the massacre at Jallianwala Bagh on 13 April, 1919. It is noted that the Punjabi protesters initially conducted their activities peacefully and in an orderly fashion, until the police interfered and escalated matters. From there, the riots grew more violent, until General Dyer killed 379 Sikhs and wounded more than 2000. This bloody event was followed by a period of martial law in the Punjab, which added nearly 1200 bodies to the casualties.

Keywords:   World War I, Sikh soldiers, massacre at Jallianwala Bagh, General Dyer, martial law

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