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A History of the SikhsVolume 1: 1469-1838$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673081

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.001.0001

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From the Indus to the Ganges

From the Indus to the Ganges

(p.162) 9. From the Indus to the Ganges
A History of the Sikhs

Khushwant Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter adds more information about the misls, starting with the events after the numerous Afghan invasions in India. While the Afghans and Marathas held certain territories in India, the Sikhs began distributing the territory between the Jumna and the Indus among themselves. The chapter also examines the contentious and expansionist phases of the misls in the Cis-Sutlej zone and the misls in the Trans-Sutlej zone separately. It then discusses briefly the looting that occurred in the villages across the Jumna, by a Sikh force twenty thousand strong. The Sikh-Rohilla alliance, the conflict between Najaf Khan and the Sikhs, and the breakup of the misls are discussed in this chapter as well. It notes that the Sikhs had a missed opportunity; while they were given the chance to seize Hindustan, they decided to cross the Ganges instead.

Keywords:   Afghans, Marathas, Jumna, misls, Sikh-Rohilla alliance, Najaf Khan

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