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A History of the SikhsVolume 1: 1469-1838$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673081

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.001.0001

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Ahmed Shah Abdali and the Sikhs

Ahmed Shah Abdali and the Sikhs

(p.126) 8. Ahmed Shah Abdali and the Sikhs
A History of the Sikhs

Khushwant Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter studies the Afghan invasion, which was led by Ahmed Shah Abdali. He had declared that he was Nadir Shah's successor, thus giving him the right to conquer India. During the first Afghan invasion, however, Abdali's forces were defeated by the Mughals. It was after this invasion when the misls were formed, which were components of the Dal Khalsa. The second Afghan invasion was also unsuccessful, but by the third Afghan invasion, Abdali was able to conquer the Punjab and Kashmir. Shortly after this the Punjab were neglected, and they came under the protection and government of the Sikhs. The chapter also provides accounts of the fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth Afghan invasions. It shows that Abdali was the worst antagonist of the Sikhs, but was also their greatest benefactor.

Keywords:   Afghan invasion, Ahmed Shah Abdali, Nadir Shah, misls, Dal Khalsa

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