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A History of the SikhsVolume 1: 1469-1838$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673081

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.001.0001

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Persecution of the Sikhs and the Reorganization of the Khalsa Army

Persecution of the Sikhs and the Reorganization of the Khalsa Army

(p.115) 7. Persecution of the Sikhs and the Reorganization of the Khalsa Army
A History of the Sikhs

Khushwant Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter talks about the persecution of the Sikhs shortly after Banda Bahadur's execution, emergence of Sarbat Khalsa, and the reorganization of the Khalsa army. Sikh persecution intensified, since they were viewed as responsible for the agrarian revolt. Little was then heard of the Sikhs half a decade after Banda was executed, and the discussion turns to the Persian invasion. It also examines the period between the Persian invasion and the Afghan invasion where Zakarya Khan persecuted the Sikhs and the Khalsa. After Khan's death, his sons became busy fighting the Khalsa used the opportunity to strengthen and reorganize their forces.

Keywords:   Banda Bahadur's execution, Sarbat Khalsa, Sikh persecution, Khalsa army, agrarian revolt, Persian invasion, Afghan invasion, Zakarya Khan

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