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A History of the SikhsVolume 1: 1469-1838$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673081

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.001.0001

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From the Pacifist Sikh to the Militant Khalsa

From the Pacifist Sikh to the Militant Khalsa

Chapter:
(p.73) 5. From the Pacifist Sikh to the Militant Khalsa
Source:
A History of the Sikhs
Author(s):

Khushwant Singh

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.003.0005

This chapter examines the transition from the pacifist Sikh to the militant Khalsa. It provides a detailed account of Tegh Bahadur's son, Gobind Singh, and his efforts against the Mughals. Prior to becoming a formidable guru of the Sikhs, Singh had a classical education and learned of Guru Arjun's martyrdom and how Hargobind avenged his father's death. Singh made it his mission to destroy evil and sin and to uphold the right. Although he believed in using peaceful methods to settle such matters, he also considered using force when needed. The chapter covers Singh's battles in Bhangani and Nandaun, as well as the baptismal ceremony he conducted in Anandpur. Singh introduced a slightly new Sikhism, where he condemned evil and the punishment of transgressors, and founded the Khalsa Panth.

Keywords:   Gobind Singh, Bhangani, Nandaun, baptismal ceremony, Khalsa Panth, Anandpur, Guru Arjun's martyrdom

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