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A History of the SikhsVolume 1: 1469-1838$
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Khushwant Singh

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195673081

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195673081.001.0001

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Building of the Sikh Church

Building of the Sikh Church

(p.46) 3. Building of the Sikh Church
A History of the Sikhs

Khushwant Singh

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the building of the Sikh Church, which involves a detailed discussion of the first four leaders of Sikhism after Guru Nanak. This chapter shows that Arjun was successful in building the Sikh Church. The first leader of Sikhism was Angad. Angad was able to open more centres for Sikhism and arrange a system for collecting offerings during his tenure as guru. He was succeeded by Amar Das, who was a Khatri of the Bhalla sub-caste. Amar Das presented various innovations that broke the close ties of the Sikhs with the Muslims and new forms of ceremonials for deaths and births. Amar Das chose a fellow Khatri, Ram Das, who came from the Sodhi sub-caste. Ram Das composed hymns that were later included in the collection of sacred writings. Ram Das was succeeded by Arjun, whose death was a turning point in Punjab history.

Keywords:   Sikh Church, Sikhism, Angad, Amar Das, Ram Das, Arjun, collecting offerings, ceremonials for deaths and births

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